Overiew of the AF Project
Like many Pacific Island countries, FSM’s low-lying atolls and coral islands are extremely vulnerable to natural hazards and disasters such as cyclones, sea surges and droughts. Latest global climate model predictions and climate science suggests that business as usual for FSM and the current coping mechanisms are not sufficient. Temperature and sea level are predicted to continually rise with increased incidents of drought, ocean acidification and coral bleaching. These will have devastating effects on already deteriorating marine and coastal ecosystems, water resources and the safety of the people of FSM.
Addressing the challenges of climate change in FSM led to the development and submission of the project “Enhancing the Climate Change Resilience of Vulnerable Island Communities in the Federated States of Micronesia” to the Adaptation Fund (AF). The project was co-developed by the Department of Environment, Climate Change and Emergency Management (DECEM) and the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP). The four-year $9 million US Dollar project has been approved by the AF and now ready to commence implementation.
The project seeks to enhance community resilience through working with communities focussing on improving water security measures in 2 outer islands of each of Yap, Chuuk and Pohnpei, and increase resilience of Kosrae’s coastal communities of Malem and Utwe to adapt to coastal hazards and risks induced by climate change. The project is expected to deliver a set of targeted and interlinked economic, social and environmental benefits, as well as serve as a model for future replication throughout the four states of the country in other sectors (food security, marine resource management). The project will promote a set of innovations, together with partner institutions / organisations that will help create better living conditions for the 8 targeted outer islands and coastal communities in FSM. The four key components of the project include (1) Strengthening policy and institutional capacity for integrated coastal and water management at national and state levels; (2) Demonstration of water security measures in 6 targeted outer islands of Yap, Chuuk and Pohnpei; (3) Demonstration of Kosrae-Inland-Road relocation initiative; and (4) Knowledge management for improved water security and coastal protection.
The project will be delivered by the DECEM working in close collaboration with national and state level government departments as well as municipalities and outer islands governing councils. As the Regional Implementing Entity for the Adaptation Fund, SPREP will continue to work with the DECEM and the project team to deliver the project. The activities of the project will be implemented in all four states (Pohnpei, Yap, Chuuk and Kosrae) and six outer islands (Kapingamarangi and Nukuoro (Pohnpei), Woleai and Eauripik (Yap), and Satawan and Lukunor (Chuuk), as well as the 2 Kosraean municipalities of Malem and Utwe.
The project will support the establishment of a project management unit (PIU) in DECEM, operations and finance officers at state level and coordinators at outer island level.
The overall goal of the project is to build social, ecological and economic resilience of the target island communities of FSM and reduce their vulnerabilities to extreme drought, sea level rise and other climate risks through water resource management, coastal resource and development planning, and by promoting gender perspectives and ecologically sound climate resilient livelihoods.
The overall objective of the project is to reduce the vulnerability of the selected communities to risks of water shortage and increase adaptive capacity of communities living in Woleai, Eauripik, Satawan, Lukunor, Kapingamarangi, Nukuoro, Utwe, Malem to drought and flood-related climate and disaster risks.
The proposed project will contribute to relevant outcomes and outputs of the Adaptation Fund Strategic Results Framework (AFB/EFC.2/3 from 31 August 2010), and corresponds particularly to the following higher order fund-level objectives as follows:
Project Objective 1: Prepare the necessary institutional and regulatory frameworks, policies, guidance and tools to help deliver a climate resilient FSM
Project Objective 2: Strengthen water and livelihood security measures to help 6 outer atoll islands adapt to impacts of climate change related to water, health and sanitation
Project Objective 3: Provide communities with climate resilient infrastructure to help relocate from high risk coastal inundation sites.
Project Objective 4: Capture and share the local knowledge produced on climate change adaptation and accelerate the understanding about the kinds of interventions that work in island environments in FSM.
The project strategy is to provide all four (4) State Governments in FSM with development planning tools and institutional frameworks to help coastal communities prepare and adapt for higher sea levels and adverse and frequent changes in extreme weather and climate events. The project strategy is to also provide communities with the resources and technical support needed to adopt and manage concrete climate change initiatives and actions.
Term of Reference (TOR)
Strengthening of Policy and Institutional Capacity for Integrated Coastal and Water Management at National and State Levels